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Joseph Halter
I enjoy critical thinking personally and professionally. I am a professor at a Technical College teaching Economics, Ethics, College 101 and I use critical thinking in the curriculum to assist my students to learn how to think.

Posted January 8, 2022      

Historian Will Durant once said, “logic is an invention of man and may be ignored by the universe.”

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


{"ops":[{"insert":"I read recently an article by Colloborative Fund entitled, "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://www.collaborativefund.com/blog/does-not-compute/"},"insert":"Does Not Comput"},{"insert":"e. \n\nIt is an article on how our logic or reason is subverted by our emotions/feelings or desires. \nThe quote, \"logic is an invention of man and may be ignored by the universe\". In other words, many things do not make sense but they are acted on anyways.\n\nThe article provides examples/illustrations to support this claim.\n\nHow many decisions have we made and wondered later how we could have done that? \n\nMany current events have us scratching our heads on why people think or do things that do not make any sense to us. We live in an illogical world.\n"},{"attributes":{"background":"#ffffff","color":"rgba(22, 22, 22, 0.9)"},"insert":"Novelist Richard Powers put it this way: “The best arguments in the world won’t change a single person’s mind. The only thing that can do that is a good story.” Whether that story is accurate or not."},{"insert":"\n\n"},{"attributes":{"background":"#ffffff","color":"rgba(22, 22, 22, 0.9)"},"insert":"Man is gifted with logic but it is not often used. More critical thinking training is needed."},{"insert":"\n"}]}


Posted August 15, 2021      

Ego and Humility

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


{"ops":[{"insert":"I live in Wisconsin so therefore my sociocentric thinking supports teams from this state. One of those teams, is the Milwaukee Bucks who just won the World Championship in the NBA finals recently.\nOne of the big reasons for the victories, is the play of "},{"attributes":{"color":"#1a1a1a"},"insert":"Giannis Antetokounmpo, a super star in the league."},{"insert":"\n\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#1a1a1a"},"insert":"He was"},{"attributes":{"color":"#1a1a1a","link":"https://youtu.be/-qLchg4xkOY"},"insert":" interviewed r"},{"attributes":{"color":"#1a1a1a"},"insert":"ecently on his play and his mental preparation for his play. I wanted to share his comments here, since he reflects on ego, humility and purpose, components of critical thinking. "},{"insert":"\n\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#1a1a1a"},"insert":"I would appreciate your feedback on this and whether you agree or disagree or have additional comments to present. "},{"insert":"\n"}]}

   
{"ops":[{"insert":"Thanks for sharing this link! I love his humility and his ability to articulate how ego and pride can be obstacles to success. I'm not sure that this demonstrates his ability or inability to think critically, but it definitely shows that he has some important traits that will help him! :) I might use this link to share with doctors that I work with who sometimes get in their own ways (ego/pride) when making decisions. \n"}]}
   
Joseph Halter - 2y Ago
{"ops":[{"insert":"Sandra, thank you for reviewing and glad that you found it helpful. One of the traits of a critical thinker is intellectual humility.\nAccording to the Center for Critical Thinking, "},{"attributes":{"bold":true},"insert":"Intellectual Humility"},{"insert":": \"Having a consciousness of the limits of one's knowledge, including a sensitivity to circumstances in which one's native egocentrism is likely to function self-deceptively; sensitivity to bias, prejudice and limitations of one's viewpoint. Intellectual humility depends on recognizing that one should not claim more than one actually knows. It does not imply spinelessness or submissiveness. It implies the lack of intellectual pretentiousness, boastfulness, or conceit, combined with insight into the logical foundations, or lack of such foundations, of one's beliefs.\"\nOf all the traits that the Center has adopted for critical thinkers, in my view, this is the gateway trait. When we acknowledge that we have barriers to reasoning due to egocentric thinking, it frees us to think without the restrictions of ego.\n"}]}
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Posted August 6, 2021      

More or Less?

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


{"ops":[{"insert":"I read this "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://betterletter.substack.com/p/the-better-letter-addition-by-subtraction"},"insert":"article"},{"insert":" by Bob Seawright, "},{"attributes":{"bold":true},"insert":"Addition by Subtraction"},{"insert":" and it reminded me of the framework, processes, standards. elements, traits and centric thinking authored by Elder and Paul. \n\nI would hope each of you would read it. \n\nSometimes, it is best to think of the challenges we have with critical thinking and how they get in the way of our rational thinking. The barriers, biases, distortions, distractions, self-interests. fallacies and cognitive dissonances are sometimes transparent but often opaque to us. The intellectual traits may be a good starting point for this discovery.\n\nWhen I read this article about subtractions, I thought of the intellectual standards as that checklist (subtraction) to guide our thinking to mitigate or eliminate some of the barriers. Assessing the purpose, questions, concepts, information, assumptions, inferences, conclusions, implications and point of views would be enhanced. \n\nWhat are your thoughts?\n"}]}


Posted February 10, 2021      

Key Concepts

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


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"}},{"insert":"\n\nI had the privilege of meeting Richard Paul and Linda Elder at the 2011 International Conference for Critical Thinking. It was my first conference attended and I was \"all ears\" to learn from the masters. \n\nI am taking the liberty to share just one practical idea that I obtained from the conference and how I use in it my classroom. I find it to be very helpful to my students and me to learn more about our critical thinking with this exercise. \n\nThat one idea is to have the students be the learner and teacher. I am their coach. I have students learn and teach key concepts in the course for the class. Each learning plan has between 10-20 key concepts (models, theories, definitions, laws, principles) \n\nBelow is an example of Learning Plan 1\nKey Concepts for Foundations of Economics\n\nThe discussion is a review of key concepts for Learning Plan 1.\nIn this learning plan, the key concepts are:\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Economics"},{"insert":" Do not select. Please review "},{"attributes":{"color":"var(--ic-link-color)"},"insert":"Template as an example"},{"insert":" for insights."},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Normative Statements"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Positive Statements"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Microeconomics"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Macroeconomics"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Rationality Assumption/Self interest/Incentives"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Economic Models/Ceteris Paribus"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Scarcity and the World of Trade-Offs-Present and Future"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Resources and factors of production"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Opportunity Cost"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Production Possibilities Frontier"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Efficiency and Maximum"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Technology"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Economies of Scale"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Specialization"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Greater Productivity-Division of Labor"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Comparative Advantage"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"color":"#0073e5","bold":true},"insert":"Absolute Advantage"},{"attributes":{"list":"bullet"},"insert":"\n"},{"attributes":{"bold":true},"insert":"Instructions:"},{"insert":"\nPlease review the concepts above and chose "},{"attributes":{"bold":true},"insert":"one"},{"insert":". Please "},{"attributes":{"bold":true},"insert":"do not"},{"insert":" take a concept already reviewed unless all others have been selected."},{"attributes":{"list":"ordered"},"insert":"\n"},{"insert":"State the definition of the concept from the "},{"attributes":{"bold":true},"insert":"textbook/course"},{"insert":" materials or research for clarity and accuracy. Use the link above or your textbook and search the concept in the chapter for the Learning Plan. Please do not use Google or other search engines to find the definition. Please use APA to cite your source. For example: (Taylor, 2017, p. 35)."},{"attributes":{"list":"ordered"},"insert":"\n"},{"insert":"Paraphrase, write in your own words, what the concept means to you."},{"attributes":{"list":"ordered"},"insert":"\n"},{"insert":"Draw or provide an illustration from an outside source on how you see this idea is visualized. Ho"},{"attributes":{"color":"var(--ic-link-color)","link":"https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=OFg2wyeQ4u4"},"insert":"w to embed image in Canvas (Links to an external site.)"},{"attributes":{"list":"ordered"},"insert":"\n"},{"insert":"Apply the concept to a real example in your personal and/or professional life. How can you use this idea?"},{"attributes":{"list":"ordered"},"insert":"\n"},{"insert":"Explain how you would teach the concept to a friend or co-worker. "},{"attributes":{"bold":true},"insert":"(Complete steps 1-6 first)"},{"insert":"\n\nThe above Discussion/Dialogue provides the student/teacher to learn and internalize the concepts by making it relevant and significant for them.\nAs the coach, I use the quality standards of clarity, accuracy, precision, breadth, depth, significance, fairness, relevancy and logic in my feedback. I, of course, will offer encouragement and courage to improve when needed. \nI have discovered that students who are empowered learn and enjoy the growth of selves and others using critical thinking. \n"}]}

   
Jacob Daodu - 2y Ago
{"ops":[{"insert":"I have read about a similar concept in a book: The Tyranny of Meritocracy: Democratizing Higher Education in America by Lani Guinier. \n"}]}
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Posted November 14, 2020      

Assumptions, Benefits and Costs

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


{"ops":[{"insert":"One of the elements of critical thinking are Assumptions. Assumptions are ideas or things that we take for granted. For example, when I go to my car, I assume the vehicle will start when I turn the ignition with my car key. Nearly, 99.9% of the time, my assumption is true. It, however, has not been true 100% of the times. \n\nMany things in life are assumed. It makes our lives easier than trying to calibrate every situation that we encounter. As you can imagine, assumptions become habits over a period of time. Habits are useful to a point but can be harmful and protect us from our blind spots. \n\nThus, when a situation did not occur according to our \"plan\", we should reflect on our assumptions made and determine what we could have changed. \n\nI recently read this article by Jonathan Clement on "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://humbledollar.com/2020/11/never-assume/"},"insert":"Never Assume "},{"insert":"and it helps us to understand some of the ordinary assumptions we make everyday. \n"}]}

   
Linda Elder - 3y Ago
{"ops":[{"insert":"Thank you for this comment Joseph. Though it is true that we need to check our assumptions, it is important to recognize that we must make assumptions to live a human life. Some things must be taken for granted for us to function. The question is, how good are your assumptions? Are they justifiable in context? How do we access our assumptions to check them for justifiability? Are we even open to examining our assumptions. Here is a starting place, in our Wheel of Reason, for finding one's assumptions in thinking:\nhttps://community.criticalthinking.org/wheelOfReasonActivityInferences?activity=none \n"}]}
   
Joseph Halter - 3y Ago
{"ops":[{"insert":"As a follow-up to this post, Assumptions, Benefits and Costs, I believe this year, 2020 is a great example of Assumptions:\nHow many of us, if we reflect on January 1, 2020 would have projected this pandemic? How it changed our assumptions about going to work, getting groceries, buying from brick and mortar stories, going to the restaurant, traveling domestically or overseas, seeing a movie in the theater, watching a live sports event, etc.\nFlash! The assumptions we made on January 1, in many situations, changed.\nThis year, a watershed year, illustrates the power of assumptions and how can it evaporate or be modified with a pandemic.\n\n"}]}
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Posted October 9, 2020      

UNBRIDLED GLOBAL CAPITALISM IS A POWERFUL SOCIOCENTRIC FORCE IN HUMAN LIFE

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


{"ops":[{"attributes":{"link":"https://community.criticalthinking.org/blogPost.php?param=53"},"insert":"UNBRIDLED GLOBAL CAPITALISM IS A POWERFUL SOCIOCENTRIC FORCE IN HUMAN LIFE"},{"insert":"\n\nThe heading of this blog is accurate but misleading. Unbridled \"anything\" can lead to extreme responses and the word sets the tone for the blog, unfairly.\n\nGlobalization has lead to sociocentric forces for good and bad. The blog appears to support some of the harmful affects of globalization. For a more complete understanding of globalization, please refer to the article on "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://www.piie.com/microsites/globalization/what-is-globalization"},"insert":"What is Globalization?"},{"insert":"\n\nInteresting, 2020 has seen a significant change in reversing globalization to nationalism. Both US candidates are cautiously frowning globalization. From a political point of view, it serves their purposes, but from an economic point of view, is this a good trend? \n\nCapitalism and Socialism are simple concepts. Taken to its purest sense, neither one is useful. Capitalism simply means economic freedom to use our capital (resources) as we see fit. Socialism simply means economic fairness and each of us are in the production and consumption of goods/services together. These are simple definitions and can be taken to \"unbridled\" points of views. There are many variations between the two. If you ask many people what type of economy people have for their country, it would surprise them to find out it is mostly mixed between the two economic systems. Please review the "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://www.heritage.org/index/"},"insert":"Economic Freedom site "},{"insert":"on were your country is on the continuum. \n\nBoth economic systems have benefits and flaws. The point made in the blog about unequal distribution of wealth and income for capitalism is true. Is this a problem? Many arguments can be made for both sides. \n\nRather than go on with these comments, my conclusion is this. Economic systems are creations of the human mind. Both capitalism and socialism have been practiced for centuries. A mix of both systems is usually the answer for most countries depending on the resources, political systems and customs of the culture. Both concepts are needed in the allocation of limited resources for the unlimited needs and wants of people and their societies. It really comes down to this "},{"attributes":{"bold":true},"insert":"simple truth"},{"insert":": "},{"attributes":{"italic":true},"insert":"The leadership of society and the citizens need to be fair-minded critical thinkers to effectively use the concepts of socialism and capitalism."},{"insert":" That is the huge challenge for all of us on this Community for Critical Thinking.\n\n"},{"attributes":{"underline":true},"insert":"Question: How do we as a community help ourselves to understand the Paul-Elder model for critical thinking to help us and others to implement the concepts for free and fair economic systems?"},{"insert":"\n"}]}


Posted October 9, 2020      

Healthy Minds 2020

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


{"ops":[{"insert":"The Center for a Healthy Mind is holding a week long conference on topics that may be of interest to you. You can sign-up at this "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://mailchi.mp/centerhealthyminds.org/twwm-2020"},"insert":"site"},{"insert":" and the presentations have been recorded with notes. Tonight, the Dalia Lama presents his concepts. \n\n\n"}]}


Posted August 30, 2020      

Black and Blue

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


{"ops":[{"insert":"Much has been written of late of the social issues pertaining to Black Lives Matter and Support the Blue.\n\nI wanted to share an "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://www.politifact.com/factchecks/2020/aug/27/chris-larson/yes-police-were-208-more-likely-kill-be-killed-cri/?fbclid=IwAR3kqyamA2tYfUDKb5DqEOG2B5iHvFXMvmIpMueCJ9qBTrdp6gutmoLRXrc"},"insert":"article"},{"insert":" of recent concern with the police and black lives: \n\nI only share this post since facts can be helpful but we still have our biases and prejudices (egocentric and social centric thinking). Facts can only tell us so much and much of those can be taken out of context. \n\nWe need to support our police and lives that they protect.\n"}]}


Posted August 8, 2020      

Elements of Critical Thinking

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


{"ops":[{"insert":"This post is a follow though on a previous post relating to the Intellectual Standards for Critical Thinking. Dr Elder and Dr Nosich have both described the elements in their respective blogs on this site. \n\nI am sharing another map, that illustrates the elements and the Key Concepts for each. Please feel free to use to help you understand and others. \n\nLet me know if you have further comments or questions. "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://jghalter.wordpress.com"},"insert":"https://jghalter.wordpress.com"},{"insert":"\n"}]}


Posted August 3, 2020      

Intellectual Standard for Critical Thinking

Posted by: Joseph Halter | Posted for: the Community


{"ops":[{"insert":"I have been teaching and using critical thinking since 2006. Over the years, I have developed maps to help me and my students understand the framework of the Paul/Elder model. It can be daunting process to learn as explicated by Dr Elder in her most recent blog: "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://community.criticalthinking.org/blogPost.php?param=49"},"insert":"https://community.criticalthinking.org/blogPost.php?param=49"},{"insert":"\n\nI find the best way to learn more about this model is to break it down and to start using it. \n\nI am sharing a Intellectual Standard map I created a few years ago that I provide to my students. Please review and share if you wish this link: "},{"attributes":{"link":"https://jghalter.files.wordpress.com/2020/08/assessment-standards-1.jpg"},"insert":"Intellectual Standards for Critical Thinking. "},{"insert":"\n\nI would appreciate your questions and comments.\n\n\n"}]}

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