Wheel of Reason Activity: Analyze the Logic of a Profession, Subject, or Discipline
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Analyze the Logic of a Profession, Subject, or Discipline
Learning to think within the logic of a subject is analogous to learning to perform well in basketball, ballet, or on the piano. Thinking within the logic of a subject at an advanced level without disciplined practice is as unnatural to the human mind as sitting down at a piano and spontaneously playing Chopin’s Polonaise. To learn the think well within a subject, discipline, or profession requires taking command of its fundamental logic, or in other words, to understand the elements of reasoning embedded in it and then to develop and pursue your own important questions within the subject.

In this section we will offer a list of Logics of professions, subjects and disciplines, for your practice and understanding. For each one, first write out your answers; then see our specimen answers. Use this format for these analyses:
Analyzing Professions
Use this template for analyzing the logic of a profession, subject, or discipline now:

What is the main purpose or goal of studying this subject? What are people in this field trying to accomplish?

What kinds of questions do they ask? What kinds of problems do they try to solve?
What sorts of information or data do they gather?
How do they go about gathering information in ways that are distinctive to this field?
What types of inferences or judgments do they typically make? (Judgments about...)
What are the most basic ideas, concepts, or theories in this field?
What do professionals in this field take for granted or assume?
How should studying this field affect my view of the world?
What viewpoint is fostered in this field?

Click on a profession, subject, or discipline to complete an activity then view a specimen answer for that topic. When reading our specimen answers, remember that our logic does not offer “the right answer,” but rather a logical and feasible way of looking at the subject. We may have left out something important in any given specimen answer that you may include in yours. Learning critical thinking, and how to use the elements of reason, is an art, not a science, though we may use science in answering a given question.